Egypt,lead by Muhammad Ali, broke away from Ottoman control, and reforms to change the army and the economy were put in place. Egypt's farmers were being pushed to grow cotton because it was a cash crop. Egypt joined with the French to build the Suez Canal connecting the Mediterranean Sea to the Red Sea. However,when Egypt expierenced money troubles, Britain took control of the canal and the country and began to imperialize the nation.

Some benefits of this imperialism were roads, railroads, schools, hospitals, improved sanitation, and better farming methods. their now better medicine and sanitation methods lead to improved health and longer life spans in Egyptians. Also more schools lead to better educations among Egyptians.
Copyright 1998 by Jim Jones
All rights reserved
...............................EVENT............................. ..............
July 24, 1798
General Napoleon, invaded Egypt and captured Cairo.
August 1, 1798
Admiral Lord Nelson, destroyed French fleet off Alexandria.
October 1799
General Napoleon, returned to France from Egypt.
Khedive Mehemet Ali, Albanian cavalry officer ruled Egypt.
Khedive Mehemet Ali, invaded the Upper Nile Valley.
Khedive Mehemet Ali, imported improved cotton varieties to Egypt.
Khedive Mehemet Ali, fought against Ottoman Empire.
British establish steamship service to India via Suez.
Khedive Mehemet Ali, fought against Ottoman Empire.
German firms began operating.
Khedive Abbas, grandson of Mehemet Ali, ruled Egypt.
early 1850s
Khedive Abbas, improved relations between Egypt and Ottoman Empire.
Khedive Said, son of Mehemet Ali, ruled Egypt after Abbas' assasination.
Khedive Said, committed Egyptian government to buy 45% of Suez Canal.
April 1859
Work began on the Suez Canal.
U. S. Civil war creates demand for Egyptian cotton.
Arab traders first reached Buganda.
Ferdinand de Lessups, French businessman, organized the Suez Canal construction.
Khedive Ismail, ruled Egypt.
king of Buganda converted (at least nominally) to Islam.
November 17, 1869
Suez Canal opened.
Sultan of Zanzibar Bargash, agreed to end the slave trade in his domain.
November 1875
Khedive Ismail, Egyptian government sold 176,000 Suez Canal shares to the British government.
Khedive Ismail, Egypt invaded Ethiopia without much success.
H. M. Stanley, visited Buganda.
April 4, 1876
Stephen Cave, British financial inspector of Egyptian finances.
Nile River flood failed--food shortage in Egypt
May 2, 1876
principle of dual control by France and Britain over Egyptian finances established
Nile River flood failed--food shortage in Egypt
Sir William Mackinnon, proposed that British assume administration of Zanzibari domain in the name of the Sultan
Sultan of Zanzibar Bargash, communicated with Germans and refused British protectorate
the first Anglican Church Missionary Society representatives arrived in Buganda
August 15, 1878
England and France gain cabinet seats and control over Egyptian finances
February 18, 1879
first Egyptian army mutiny
April 1879
Khedive Ismail, replaced Europeans with Egyptians in his cabinet
June 1879
Khedive Ismail was overthrown by the Egyptian army and replaced by Tewfik
Catholic "White Fathers" arrived in Buganda
Khedive Tewfik, ruled Egypt
late 1880s
civil war in Buganda
July 17, 1880
"Law of Liquidation" reorganized Egyptian finances to pay of external debt of about œ100 million
February 1, 1881
Pasha Arabi, a nationalist leader, entered Egyptian cabinet when Khedive Ismail appointed Mahmoud Pasha Sami, an Egyptian nationalist, as prime minister.
September 9, 1881
Pasha Arabi, led the Egyptian army in a mutiny against the Khedive.
France invaded Tunisia, North Africa
January 8, 1882
France and England signed a treaty--the "Joint Anglo-French note", but European diplomatic support for the agreement increased nationalist opposition to Khedive Tewfik.
February 25, 1882
Khedive Tewfik, was forced to appoint nationalists as prime minister and war minister
April 12, 1882
monarchist military conspiracy exposed and the members arrested, France and Britain send small naval squadrons to Egyptian coast
May 20, 1882
France and Britain sent small naval squadrons to Egyptian coast
May 25, 1882
British and French ultimatum forced the nationalist government to resign
June 11, 1882
Egyptians rioted and killed about 50 Europeans in Alexandria on Sunday
July 11, 1882
British bombarded Alexandria
August 1882
British military intervention began with Tewfik's consent and the British captured Suez Canal.
September 13, 1882
British defeated the Egyptian army at Tel-el-Kebir
September 15, 1882
British occupied Cairo
November 9, 1882
British abolished dual control with France
France occupied Madagascar (East Africa)
November 5, 1883
Mahdi, Egyptian army led by the British General Hicks was defeated at El Obeid (Sudan)
Karl Peters, German explorer collected treaties in Lake Victoria region (East Africa)
Kabaka Mutesa, died and replaced by Mwanga (East Africa)
January 6, 1884
General Charles Gordon, went to Khartoum to evacuate the Egyptian garrison
August 1884
A British army left Wadi Haifa to lift the siege of Khartoum
November 15, 1884
Berlin Conference opened
Kabaka Mwanga, ordered the death of Anglican missionary James Hanninton and executed 30 Catholic converts (East Africa)
Mahdist revolt in Sudan prevented British withdrawal from Egypt
January 26, 1885
General Charles Gordon, killed at Khartoum
February 1885
Karl Peters, returned to Berlin (East Africa)
February 1885
Opponents of imperialism began to openly challenge the prime minister in the British Parliament
February 26, 1885
The Berlin Conference ended.
March 3, 1885
Germany annexed territory in Tanganyika (East Africa)
June 21, 1885
General Kitchener, British reconquered Nile Valley from Mahdi
November 1885
Germany Britain and France create boundary commission to divide sultan's domain
Joseph Chamberlain, Conservative politician ends opposition to imperialism after visiting Egypt
October 1886
France and Britain settled East African land claims (East Africa)
May 1887
Britain and Ottoman sign treaty for British withdrawal from Egypt but Sultan backs away
James Hutton, prominent Manchester merchant served on first IBEAC board of directors
Sir William Mackinnon became the first director of the Imperial British East Africa Company (IBEAC)
October 29, 1888
The Suez Canal Convention was signed by Turkey, Russia and various European powers. This international agrement provided for the Suez Canal to remain open to all nations in both peace and war.
Karl Peters, German explorer collected treaties around Lake Victoria (East Africa)
France recognized British Protectorate over Zanzibar (East Africa)
IBEAC nearly bankrupt from failed plantation schemes,
Frederick Lord Lugard, arrived in Buganda to extend IBEAC influence (East Africa)
Britain recognized French claims in Madagascar (East Africa)
Anglo-German agreement recognized German Tanganyika (East Africa)
March 18, 1890
Bismarck dismissed by Wilhelm II as German prime minister
July 1, 1890
Anglo-German Colonial Agreement (aka "The Heligoland Treaty") recognized British claim in East Africa (East Africa)
December 1890
Sir William Mackinnon, asked British government to help IBEAC construct railway to Buganda (East Africa)
July 1891
British parliament refused to support Buganda railway scheme (East Africa)
British declared a protectorate over Buganda (East Africa)
Mahdi, death of Mahdi ended revolt in the Sudan
J. A. Hobson, published non-Marxist critique of imperialism
France and Britain sign the Anglo-French Entente